Let’s go back to freedom – the essence of liberalism [XXIII]:
I have written into another article [III] that we do not have the profound perception of freedom until we do not challenge it and we do not exert it. We can go deeper than that. There are 3 levels of freedom and all of them can be summarized with these 3 following questions:
1. Do I have what to choose? (Basic Freedom). This basic level of freedom it’s easy to explain. No option and no expectation (self-imposed, imposed by external conscientious factors or by accident) means lack of freedom. As simple as that.
2. Do I know what my options are and do I know how to choose? (2 question in one – indeed!) (Discernment freedom) In fact this level, reached by education (I consider that common-sense is also obtained by education), is the one that bring freedom awareness inside individuals and societies and can generate revolts, revolutions, riots. At this level, the notion of freedom – designating, as love, happiness, etc…, a lack and a vacuum in the heart and mind of man - is crystalized. Of course we are aiming for both points (1 & 2) as a perfect situation (freedom), but point 1 without point 2 [III][VIII][XXIII] can look the same as none of the point 1 and 2 and still can bring happiness. Point 2 without point 1 can be described as frustration; that frustration that gave birth to liberalism.
3. Can I avoid the choosing? (Absolut or perfect freedom). This is not a question but an extent of freedom idea and in the same time an avoidance of it. There are voices that preach this attitude as a search of perfect freedom and as a way of living your life (Indus religions). My thought is that in fact here we only have a way of peace and nothing more. In this case you are renouncing to future regrets, (that can appear after you choose one option and loose the others), but also to future happiness.
I can also agree with other (similar) way of categorize freedom – proposed by a friend: materialistic freedom and mentally freedom. And I can take this idea a little bit further in the same way I did with happiness [Fericirea verticală și fericirea orizontală] and space/spatiality [XXII]. Let’s say that the objects of choosing (even are not touchable) are real, horizontal freedom – we call it basic freedom - and the processes of choosing (with discernment, with cultural programming, with ethics, etc…) are imaginary, vertical, mentally freedom – we call it discernment freedom. To be more specific: freedom is about boundaries and we can interpret external boundaries as real freedom and internal boundaries (see above) as imaginary freedom. The complex freedom is the vectorial sum of these two types of freedom.
There is also an epistemological approach to freedom. The link between freedom and boundaries must be investigated in more depth in order to be with one step closer to understand the nature of freedom. Freedom is in fact not about boundaries but about discovering boundaries and this discovery is made through our own way of thinking and knowing. There is more than one way of thinking (and knowing) and each of them can establish a different level of boundaries and, by extent, can define a different type of freedom.
1. Sensitive thinking – sensitive knowledge (knowledge with senses) – sensitive boundaries – sensitive freedom
2. Magical-mythical thinking – revealed knowledge (knowledge by revelation) – revealed boundaries – revealed freedom
3. Creative thinking – creative knowledge (knowledge by creation) – creative boundaries – creative freedom
4. Affective thinking – affective knowledge (knowledge with heart) – affective boundaries – affective freedom
5. Rational thinking – rational knowledge (knowledge with intellect) – rational boundaries – rational freedom
Other articles: [III],[VI],[VII],[XXII],[XXIII,[Fericirea verticală și fericirea orizontală]